Setup Apple Wireless Keyboard via Bluetooth on Fedora 17
There are a couple of steps to the setup.
Step 1: Install and Enable the Bluetooth Service
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo yum install bluez bluez-libs
After it’s installed you should see the following:
[[email protected] ~]$ rpm -qa | grep bluez bluez-libs-4.99-2.fc17.i686 bluez-4.99-2.fc17.i686
After the package is installed it should be automatically enabled to be started up on boot.
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo service bluetooth status Redirecting to /bin/systemctl status bluetooth.service bluetooth.service - Bluetooth Manager Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/bluetooth.service; enabled) Active: active (running) since Sun, 16 Sep 2012 11:13:11 -0600; 26min ago Main PID: 589 (bluetoothd) CGroup: name=systemd:/system/bluetooth.service └ 589 /usr/sbin/bluetoothd -n
If for some reason the service was not auto started after the install and wasn’t setup to start on boot up, run the following to start the service and to enable the service to start on boot:
[[email protected] ~]$sudo service bluetooth enable [[email protected] ~]$sudo service bluetooth start
Step 2: Enable HID2HCI
From the Fedora “Documentation/Bluetooth”:
Q: My Dell/Apple laptop (or Logitech dongle) is supposed to have Bluetooth built-in, but doesn’t show up.
A: You’ll need to un-comment the line HID2HCI_ENABLE=true in the /etc/sysconfig/bluetooth file. Start the bluetooth service again with service bluetooth restart as root (or restart your machine) and the Bluetooth device should now be available.
Note: this is not a configuration option in Fedora 11 (updates), and later versions, it is automatic. For Fedora 16 and later, you will need to install the bluez-hid2hci package to enable this feature.
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo yum install bluez-hid2hci
After it’s installed you should see the following packages:
[[email protected] ~]$ rpm -qa | grep bluez bluez-libs-4.99-2.fc17.i686 bluez-hid2hci-4.99-2.fc17.i686 bluez-4.99-2.fc17.i686
If you want more information on how Bluetooth interacts with HID, I would recommend reading “Manage HID Bluetooth devices in Linux”
Step 3: Confirm your Bluetooth Device on your Laptop is Enabled and Available
Check to see if lsusb shows the device:
[[email protected] ~]$ lsusb | grep Blue Bus 003 Device 002: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth) Bus 003 Device 005: ID 413c:8160 Dell Computer Corp. Wireless 365 Bluetooth
Check to make sure the device is enabled:
[[email protected] ~]$ rfkill list 0: phy0: Wireless LAN Soft blocked: no Hard blocked: no 1: hci0: Bluetooth Soft blocked: no Hard blocked: no
Make sure the device is up:
[[email protected] ~]$ hciconfig -a hci0: Type: BR/EDR Bus: USB BD Address: 50:63:13:91:3A:AC ACL MTU: 1021:8 SCO MTU: 64:1 UP RUNNING PSCAN RX bytes:2870608 acl:158715 sco:0 events:777 errors:0 TX bytes:8986 acl:322 sco:0 commands:246 errors:0 Features: 0xff 0xff 0x8f 0xfe 0x9b 0xff 0x79 0x83 Packet type: DM1 DM3 DM5 DH1 DH3 DH5 HV1 HV2 HV3 Link policy: RSWITCH HOLD SNIFF PARK Link mode: SLAVE ACCEPT Name: 'fed.dnsd.me-0' Class: 0x400100 Service Classes: Telephony Device Class: Computer, Laptop HCI Version: 2.1 (0x4) Revision: 0x50ad LMP Version: 2.1 (0x4) Subversion: 0x423d Manufacturer: Broadcom Corporation (15)
Lastly make sure the device is available with hcitool:
[[email protected] ~]$ hcitool dev Devices: hci0 50:63:13:91:3A:AC
Step 4: Put the Keyboard in Discoverable Mode and Ensure you Can See it
Now pair the keyboard with the computer:
- Press and release the On/Off switch to turn on your wireless keyboard.
- The green LED should begin blinking if the keyboard is not already paired and connected to another computer. The blinking LED indicates that the keyboard is in the discoverable mode. If you don’t pair your keyboard with your Mac within three minutes, the indicator light and keyboard will turn off to preserve battery life. If this happens, press the On/Off switch to turn your keyboard on again.
Note: If the LED doesn’t turn on, make sure you have good batteries in the keyboard and that they are properly installed.
While you see the blinking LED, check to see if you can discover the keyboard:
[[email protected] ~]$ hcitool scan Scanning ... B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 Apple Wireless Keyboard
Also check to make sure you can “ping” the device:
[[email protected] ~] sudo l2ping B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 Ping: B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 from 50:63:13:91:3A:AC (data size 44) ... 44 bytes from B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 id 0 time 7.94ms 44 bytes from B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 id 1 time 35.19ms 44 bytes from B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 id 2 time 35.62ms 44 bytes from B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 id 3 time 29.56ms ^C4 sent, 4 received, 0% loss
Step 5: Pair with the Bluetooth Keyboard
There has been a lot of changes between bluez version 3 and 4. Check out “How Ubuntu’s broken bluetooth support came to be”. With version 3 you could use the instructions laid out in the following articles:
- Using Bluetooth in a Debian system
- Set up a bluetooth keyboard and mouse in Fedora 10
But I was on version 4 and it uses dbus to connect to the device. From what I’ve read you should be able to run ‘bluez-simple-agent’, ‘simple-agent’ , or ‘bluetooth-agent’. For more info check out:
- Bluetooth paring from command line?
- A Step By Step Guide To Setup A Bluetooth Keyboard And Mouse On The Raspberry PI
- Setting up BlueZ with a passkey/PIN
But on my fedora install I couldn’t find any of those tools. I then ran into Manually using Bluetooth. From that article:
Please keep in mind that whenever hcid or pand or hidd are mentioned it means that instructions are applicable only to bluez3 systems which is deprecated ages ago. Modern bluez4 uses only one daemon - bluetoothd and you are supposed to use dbus api directly to configure it. For pairing from command line use simple-agent script.
That article also had link to the simple-agent script. Here is the link. It’s a python script which runs all the necessary dbus calls to pair the devices. You could probably run the dbus calls your self, here are some articles which have examples of the dbus calls:
I just downloaded the script and used it to pair the devices:
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo ./simple-agent.py hci0 B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 RequestPinCode (/org/bluez/589/hci0/dev_B8_F6_B1_02_1C_32) Enter PIN Code: 1234 Release New device (/org/bluez/589/hci0/dev_B8_F6_B1_02_1C_32)
When the “Enter PIN Code” shows up, use your regular keyboard to enter a new pin. Then click enter, after that you will just see a blank line, then use your bluetooth keyboard to enter the same PIN and then hit enter. If it works successfully you should see the “Release” message.
Step 7: Connect to the keyboard
After the pairing is complete, go ahead and connect to the device:
[[email protected] ~]$ sudo hcitool cc B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 [[email protected] ~]$ sudo hcitool auth B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32
Steps 3-7: Use the GUI
If you don’t like the command line, then run “bluetooth-wizard” from a terminal and a GUI will show up which will allow you to complete steps 3-7 without the need to download any ‘simple-agent’ scripts. You can also start ‘gnome-control-center’ and then click on bluetooth. After you are done, your successful setup should look like this:
To use ‘bluetooth-wizard’, make sure the following packages are installed:
[[email protected] etc]$ rpm -qa | grep gnome-bluetooth gnome-bluetooth-libs-3.4.2-1.fc17.i686 gnome-bluetooth-3.4.2-1.fc17.i686
Step 8: Confirm the Bluetooth Connection
You can use hcitool to check for the successful connection:
[[email protected] ~]$ hcitool con Connections: > ACL B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 handle 11 state 1 lm MASTER AUTH ENCRYPT
If you want more information, you can do the following:
[[email protected] ~]$ hcitool info 7C:ED:8D:68:E1:7D Requesting information ... BD Address: B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 Device Name: Apple Wireless Keyboard LMP Version: 2.0 (0x3) LMP Subversion: 0x31c Manufacturer: Apple, Inc. (76) Features: 0xbc 0x02 0x04 0x38 0x08 0x00 0x00 0x00
You can also use ‘sdbtool’ to confirm the connection as well:
$ sdptool browse B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 Browsing B8:F6:B1:02:1C:32 ... Service Name: Apple Wireless Keyboard Service Description: Keyboard Service Provider: Apple Inc. Service RecHandle: 0x10000 Service Class ID List: "Human Interface Device" (0x1124) Protocol Descriptor List: "L2CAP" (0x0100) PSM: 17 "HIDP" (0x0011) Language Base Attr List: code_ISO639: 0x656e encoding: 0x6a base_offset: 0x100 Profile Descriptor List: "Human Interface Device" (0x1124) Version: 0x0100
I actually used the bluetooth keyboard to write this post :)
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